The Gahadavals of Kannauj Detailed History-In this article we published the detailed history about the Gahadavals Of Kannauj, read every paragraph to know about this dynasty of ” Rajput Clan”.
The Gahadavals of Kannauj
Chandradeva (AD 1080-1100)
- He founded the Gahadavala Dynasty (AD 1080-1085) of Kannauj and defeated a chief named Gopala on the banks of Yamuna and made Kannauj his capital. and repressed the aggressive activities of Vijayasena of Bengal. & made Benaras the second capital of Gahadavala, this was to serve as Gahadavala’s seat of administration till the Battle of Chandawar. or imposed a tax called Tarushkadanda possibly to defray the expenses of war against Muslim invasions.
- He adopted high sounding title like “the protector of the holy places of Kashi, Varanasi, Uttarakosala (Faizabad), Kusika (Kannauj) and Indrasthaniya (Delhi)”. He was succeeded by his son Madanachandra also known as Madanapala, whose rule was not very significant.
Chahamans or Chauhans of Shakambhari
- Initially, they arose as the vassals of the imperial Pratiharas and ruled in different parts of Gujarat and Rajputana in the 7th and 8th Centuries. There were several branches of the Chahamana Dynasty like Chahamanas of Lata, of Dhavalapuri, of Partapagarh and Ranthambore and also of Naddula and of Javalipura and of Satvapura.
- But, the main branch ruled in Shakambhari (modern Sambhar, in Jaipur). The other branches were collateral and ruled from different places. After the first Battle of Tarain, he failed to take adequate steps so as to guard the north western frontiers of his empire.
- Govindaraja Chief of Delhi was killed by him during the second Battle of Tarain. He was the great patron of scholars and guard the poets. Vishvarupa, Vidyapati Janardana, Padmanabha etc scholars were also associated with him. The story of his romance with Sanyogita made him the hero of many popular songs of North India.
- He became the theme of two great poems viz, Prithvirajavijaya and Prithviraja Raso, written by his Court Poets Jayanayaka and Chandabardai (Chanda) respectively.
- After his death, his son continued to rule as a feudatory of Muiz-ud-din Muhammad bin Sam (Mohammad Ghori). Due to the rebellious activities of his uncle, Hariraja, the Prince had to retire to Ranthambore, where a branch of Chahamanas ruled till its capture by Ala-ud-din Khilji in AD 1301.
The Kalachuris of Tripuri
- They emerged as an important political power in the second half of the AD 6th Century. Their Kingdom comprised Gujarat, Northern Maharashtra and even the parts of Malwa. In the Epics and Puranas they are referred to as Haihayas. Some scholars are of the opinion that the people called Kalachuri (From the Turkish title Kulchur) appear to have been of Turkish origin.
- There were several branches of Kalachuris, which settled down in different parts of Northern India in the AD 8th Century.
- The most powerful of these branches ruled in the Chedi Country in Bundelkhand with their capital at Tripuri (near Jabalpur in Madhya Pradesh).
- The people of this branch were known as Kalachuris of Tripuri or the Kings of Dahala Mandala.