Indus Valley Civilization – India History / Ancient History

Indus Valley Civilization – India History / Ancient History-In this article we published the detailed history about the Indus valley civilization and also publishing the excavation sites data and important questions related to IVC.

Indus River Valley Civilization And It’s Facts

  • The Indus Valley Civilization today (Pre Harappan Period (3300-2500 BC), Mature Period : 2600-1900 BC, Late Harappan Period 1900-1300 BC) is one of the major civilizations of the ancient river civilizations of the world. Which is mainly in the north western regions of South Asia, which till date extends into northeast Afghanistan, north-west of Pakistan and north India.
  • Along with the Ancient Civilizations of Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia, it was one of the three earliest chronicles of the civilizations of the ancient world, and of these three, the most widespread and best known. According to research published in the respected journal Nature, this sandalwood civilization is at least 8,000 years old. It is also known as Harappan Civilization.
  • Before the information about the IVC , geologists and scholars believed that human civilizations originated from the Aryans .But after the evidence of the Indus Valley, his confusion was dispelled and he had to accept that the civilizations of ancient India had flourished years before the arrival of the Aryans This civilizations was named Indus Valley Civilization(IVC) or Sendhava Civilizations.

IVC Important Keys

In this table we provide the most important data of the IVC which cover the (Year of finding, River Beside, Excavation By, and Important findings from different different sites), students who are preparing for the Govt exams are requested to read the every point of this table for knowledge of IVC.

Excavation Sites Data – Indus Valley Civilization

S.NNAME OF SITEYEARRIVEREXCAVATION BYFINDINGS
1HARAPPA1921RaveeDaya Ram Sahani❖Granary
❖Grave
❖Small Towns
2MOHEN-JODARO1922IndusRakhal Das Banarjee❖Big Bathroom
❖Granary
❖Dancing Girl Bronze Statue
❖Beard Man Statue
❖Terracotta Toys
❖Bull Seal
❖Pashupati Seal
❖Three Cylindrical Seal
❖A piece of woven fabric
3CHANHUDRO1934IndusGopal Majoomdar❖Bead Factory
❖Evidence of Lipstic use
❖Comb
❖Elephant Tooth
4ROPER1953-55SatlujYagdatt Sharma❖Dog buried with human in single tomb.
5LOTHAL1955-62BogwaRang Nath Rao❖Bead factory
❖Dockyard
❖Button Seal
❖Rice
❖Set Of Elephant tooth
❖Fire Pit
6KALIBANGAN1953GhaggarBrijvasi Lal
Bal Krishna Thapar
❖Burnt Bangles
❖Fire pit
❖Shiv-Ling
❖Camel Bones In Terracotta pot
7DHOLAVEERA1960GhaggarJP Joshi❖Naked human and bull sculpture
❖Evidence of Water Reservoir Tanks
❖Use of rocks for construction
8BANAWALI1931Saraswati RiverR.S Bisht❖Barley grains
❖Terracotta Plow
9RAKHIGARHI1963DhrishdwatiAmarendra Nath❖Terracotta Wheels
❖Toys
❖Sculptures
❖Clay Pots
10AALAMGIRPUR1958-59HindonYagdatt Sharma❖Effect of fabric on trough

IMPORTANT POINTS TO BE NOTE

  1. Biggest Population Site :- Dayamabad, Maharashtra
  2. One of the most modern site :- Mohenjo-Daro
  3. One of the biggest site : Rakhigarhi
  4. One of the biggest city – Mohenjo-Daro
  5. Main Business :- Mesopotamia
LIST OF MOSTLY ASKED QUESTIONS FROM INDUS VALEEY CIVILIZATION
S.N.QUESTIONANSWER
1How were the streets of the Indus Valley Civilization arranged?Wide and Straight
2The ruins of Harappa are found on the banks of which river?Ravee
3The ruins of Mohenjo-Daro are found on the banks of which river?Indus
4Where was the great bath found?Mohenjo-Daro
5What is the script of Indus Valley Civilization?N/A
6Which was the port of Indus Valley Civilization?Lothal
7Whose idol is an important creation of the people of the Indus Valley?Dancing Girl Scrupluture
8Which is the tallest building in Mohenjo-Daro?Great Granary
9What was the strength of the Indus economy?Farming
10Which deity was worshiped by the people of Indus Valley Civilization?Pashupati
11Harappa mount was first mentioned by whom?Charles Massion
12In which year the excavation work of Mohenjo-Daro started?1922
13The people of which civilization are credited with growing cotton for the first time?Sindhu
14The people of Indus Valley were unfamiliar with which metal?Iron
15Where were the scales found in the Indus Valley Civilization?Lothal
16What was the staple food of the people of Indus Valley Civilization?Wheat and Barley
17What is called the mount of the dead?Mohenjo-Daro
18What is the total area of ​​Harappan Civilization.?13 Lacs Square Feet
19Where is Kalibangan, the site of the Indus Valley Civilization located?Rajasthan
20How many cities were there in the Indus Valley Civilization.?8
21How many capitals were there in Indus Valley Civilization?2
22What era was the Harappan Civilization.?Bronze Era
23Which material was mainly used in the manufacture of coins of Harappan period.?Terracotta
24In which sport were the Harappans mainly interested?Chess
25What were the houses of the Indus civilization made of?Bricks
26Which deity is depicted in the currency of Indus Civilization?Lord Shiva
27The people of the Indus Valley Civilization believed On.?Maternal Power
28What was the width of the roads found in Mohenjo-Daro?10.5 Mtr.
29Rakhigarhi is located in which state of India?Haryana
30Which is the largest site of Indus Valley Civilization?Mohenjo-Daro
31Which is the smallest site of Indus Valley Civilization?Allahadino
32Which is considered the most sacred animal in the Harappa Indus Valley Civilization?Humpback Bull
33On which river is Manda Nagar situated?Chinab
34With what color did the people of Indus civilization paint the pottery?Red
35Under whose leadership was the first excavation of Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro?Sir John Marshal
36Where is Mohenjo-Daro located at present?Sindh Pakistan
37Which metal was first used by the Harappans?Copper
38What era was the Harappan civilization?Bronze Era
39What is the meaning of MohenjoDaro?Dead Mount
40What is the meaning of Kalibanga?Black Bangles
41Which city of Harappa is known as the Garden of Sindh?Mohenjo-Daro
Indus Valley Civilization - India History

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